A Brief Chronology Of Slavery, Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism
Africa Reparations Movement Information Sheet
Antam Goncalves, Portuguese sailor, seized ten Africans near
Cape Bojador; usually taken as the start of the Atlantic
October 2 Christopher Columbus sights land in the Bahamas;
October 2, lands in Cuba.
First samples of Caribbean sugar sent to Spain
John Hawkins first English slave trader, captured 300 slaves
in Sierra Leone.
First Africans sold in Jamestown, Virginia.
Dutch East India Company, with monopoly of American trade,
forced from combination of private companies.
English colonise Barbados and St. Kitts.
First Barbados sugar sent to England.
English capture Jamaica from the Spanish.
Establishment of the Royal African Company to control the
British slave trade.
The Royal African Company transported an average of 5,000
Private traders, on payment of 10 percent duty on English
goods exported to Africa, were given parliamentary approval
to participate in the slave trade.
Liverpool's first slave ship, 'Liverpool Merchant' took 220
slaves to Barbados and sold them for 4,239 (UK pounds
Treaty of Utrecht: Asiento: treaty between England and Spain
granting England d monopoly of Spanish slave trade for 30
years. England promised At lest 144,000 slaves, at the rate
of 4,800 per year.
Parliament gave annual grants to British Royal Africa
Company (totalling 90,000 (UK pounds Sterling) overall).
Liverpool had 8 slavers trading from the city with ships of
various sizes. Altogether the fleet could transport 25,820
slaves (50-550 per ship) packed "like books on a shelf"
(Fryer, 1984, p.36).
Lord Mansfield decision in England declaring it illegal to
remove any person forcibly from England.
Richard Pennant was Liverpool's M.P. He owned 8,000 acres of
sugar plantations and over 600 slaves in Jamaica. He was
re-elected again in 1784-1790.
3 of the 41 councillors in Liverpool were slave ship owners
or major investors in the slave trade.
1787 - 1807
All 20 of Liverpool's mayors holding office between these
dates financed or owned slave ships .
Zong Ship (from Liverpool) throws 131 slaves overboard to
First Census lists 697,897 slaves in the United States.
Trans-Atlantic slave trade abolished in British Empire; and
in the United States.
Sweden abolishes slave trade.
Spain declares slave trade illegal.
Britain declares slave trading piracy, thus punishable by
Emancipation Act in British Parliament, 5 year
Slavery finally abolished in British Empire.
Sweden abolishes slavery.
Holland abolishes slavery.
Abolition of slavery in the United States (13th amendment).
Puerto Rico abolishes slavery.
Cuba abolishes slavery.
Control of West African trade passed to the Elder Dempster
Company, a Liverpool shipping firm. (Gifford, 1989, p.28)
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